The objective of this proposal is to set up the University of São Paulo’s first research center specifically dedicated to understanding South-South relations, with special emphasis on relations between the IBSA countries. Two lines of research will be developed at this center.
The first line of research will be “Society and South-South Relations.” Initially, studies will be developed on the Brazilian business community’s perception of South-South relations. These studies will include surveys of the Brazilian private sector organized by industry and business size (see further description below). Experimental research on trade policy will also be undertaken in partnership with North Carolina State University. Such experimental studies will be used to enhance the observational studies mentioned above. Details of the Brazilian business community will be specified in a separate section.
The second line of research (the “South-South Observatory”) will be dedicated to establishing a system to monitor, from a comparative perspective, the three countries’ positions in the most important processes of international negotiations, with particular emphasis on themes directly or indirectly related to international trade. The purpose in this case is to attempt to understand the prospects for collective action by these three countries, from the point of view of both trilateral integration and global governance.
The system for monitoring and analysis will consist of two main tools: a computerized mechanism to monitor Brazil’s relations with emerging economies through a global research network and a laboratory to analyze the impacts of trade liberalization with the countries selected to be included in the system. From a substantive point of view, the system will be designed to monitor bilateral trade relations and international negotiation processes involving, either directly or indirectly, the emerging economies that are the targets of the research.
Initially, the system will be designed to monitor relations between the IBSA countries – India, Brazil, and South Africa. Caeni’s team already possesses the knowledge necessary to structure such a pilot system. As the research progresses, other emerging economies will also be included.